When I was in the Acropolis the first feeling is like Pompeii,
both have a long history and here even have more stories and legends.
The Dark Ages
There is no conclusive evidence for the existence of a Mycenean palace on top of the Athenian Acropolis.
However, if there was such a palace, it seems to have been transplanted by later building activity on the Acropolis.
Not much is known as to the architectural appearance of the Acropolis until the archaic era.
In the 7th and the 6th centuries BC the site was taken over by Kylon during the failed Kylonian revolt,
and twice by Pisistratus: all attempts directed at seizing political power by coups d' etat. Nevertheless it seems that
a nine-gate wall, the Enneapylon, had been built around the biggest water spring, the "Clepsydra", at the northwestern foot.
A temple sacred to "Athena Polias" (Protectress of the City) was quickly erected by mid-6th century BC.
This Doric limestone building, from which many relics survive, is referred to as the "Bluebeard" temple,
named after the pedimental three-bodied man-serpent sculpture, whose beards were painted dark blue.
Whether this temple replaced an older one, or a mere sacred precinct or altar, is not known.
In the late 6th century BC yet another temple was built, usually referred to as the Archaios Naos (Old Temple).
This temple of Athena Polias was built upon the Doerpfeld foundations. It is unknown where the "Bluebeard" temple was built.
There are two popular theories the "Bluebeard" temple was built upon the Doerpfeld foundations, the "Bluebeard" temple
was built where the Parthenon now stands. That being said it is unknown if the "Bluebeard" temple and the Archaios Naos coexisted.
To confuse matters, by the time the "Bluebeard" Temple had been dismantled, a newer and grander marble building,
the "Older Parthenon" (often called the "Ur-Parthenon", German for "Early Parthenon"), was started following the victory
at Marathon in 490 BC. To accommodate it, the south part of the summit was cleared of older remnants, made level by adding
some 8,000 two-ton blocks of Piraeus limestone, a foundation 11 m (36 ft) deep at some points, and the rest filled with earth
kept in place by the retaining wall. The Older Parthenon was still under construction when the Persians sacked the city in 480 BC.
The building was burned and looted, along with the Archaios Naos and practically everything else on the rock.
After the Persian crisis had subsided, the Athenians incorporated many of the unfinished temple's architectural
members (unfluted column drums, triglyphs, metopes, etc.) into the newly built northern curtain wall of the Acropolis,
where they serve as a prominent "war memorial" and can still be seen today. The devastated site was cleared of debris.
Statuary, cult objects, religious offerings and unsalvageable architectural members were buried ceremoniously in several
deeply dug pits on the hill, serving conveniently as a fill for the artificial plateau created around the classic Parthenon.
This "Persian debris" is the richest archaeological deposit excavated on the Acropolis. (Information from Wekipedia)
pix. 6 & 7
Athens city view from the Acropolis
The Porch of the Caryatids
The Porch of the Caryatids